Incline and neighboring properties may seem like trivial variables, but when growing trees destined to the olive oil production, these variables should nonetheless be taken into consideration if you wish to have a luxuriant and healthy tree, and a profitable orchard.
The olive tree is not picky about the incline of the soil where it grows. It can be grown on hilly terrain, even in sharp and abrupt hill. However, such terrains are not well designed for heavy machinery, hence why orchards are seldom seen in very hilly lands. If you are planting a few olive trees on a little patch of land, do take into account the size the trees will have once fully matured, to avoid small landslides or exposed roots. Of course, you should make sure the soil has sufficient irrigation and is deep enough to accommodate the trees' roots.
By neighboring properties we mean the properties of the trees, vegetation, bug species and animals, but also pollution or polluted water sources surrounding the olive tree or olive trees. This is especially important because the olives are destined to be transformed into olive oil and and destined for human consumption.
You should make sure that the area surrounding the orchard or the patch of land has never been contaminated and allow a buffer-zone between your orchard and any other vegetation source.
Pest infestation can be a problem for olive trees, especially when they are flowering. Some bug species (bactrocera oleae and diptera) are specific to the olive tree, but many noxious bug species can be avoided by secluding the orchard area from the species' host trees. These species include the beetle, which are mostly hosted in maple and the grass hopper, who hosts in most shrub foliage.
Producers should also look out for rodents and small mammals. Making sure these animals do not have shelter space is one of the best ways to avoid them .